ST. CATHARINES. A Town in the township of Grantham, situated on the Welland Canal, thirty-six miles from Hamilton, and twelve miles from Niagara. The town is beautifully situated, having a fine view for a considerable distance of the Welland Canal and surrounding country. It is a place of much trade, which arises partly from its contiguity to the Welland Canal, and partly from its extensive water power—an immense quantity of wheat being annually converted into flour.  The town is well laid out, and contains some excellent buildings; it was incorporated in the year 1845, and at present contains a mixed population of about 3,500. Stages pass through the town daily during the winter, from Hamilton to Queenston and Niagara, and to Fort Erie, opposite Buffalo; and three times a week–Monday, Wednesday and Friday—to Dunnville on the Grand River. In summer, daily to Chippewa, and to Niagara, to meet the boats to and from Hamilton and Toronto, and Buffalo. There is a ship-yard and dry dock for the repair of vessels; and the principal office belonging to the Welland Canal is kept here. A fire company is established, with two engines. The grammar school is a handsome building; and there are also barracks, with one company of Canadian Rifles. A newspaper, the “St. Catharines Journal,” is published here weekly. Churches and chapels, six; viz., Episcopal, Scotch Secession, American Presbyterian, Catholic, Methodist and Baptist. Post Office, post every day. Professions and Trades.—Six physicians and surgeons, five lawyers, four grist mills (containing twenty run of stones), one trip hammer, one brewery, three distilleries, one tannery, one foundry, one ashery, one machine and pump factory, two surveyors, one pottery, fourteen stores, two auctioneers, twenty-four groceries, one stove store, one printer, one pail factory, one broom factory, one tallow chandler, eight taverns, three saddlers, three cabinet makers, two booksellers and stationers, three druggists, one gunsmith, two watchmakers, three carriage makers, three bakers, two hatters, two livery stables, seven blacksmiths, one veterinary surgeon, three tinsmiths, one tobacconist, seven tailors, nine shoe makers, one grammar school, four schools for young ladies, three bank agencies—“Upper Canada,” “Montreal,” and “Commercial.” Principal Tavern “St. Catharines House.”

City or Town