Our database contains over 1,000 newspaper articles that specifically label a group escape as a "slave stampede" or some related variant, such as "negro stampede." Our document records also include hundreds of other types of primary sources and newspaper articles related to these stampedes but that do not contain the word itself. The map below provides a sample visualization of the newspaper coverage between 1856 and 1860 with clickable access to the various records inside our database. The detailed listing underneath includes records for all of the documents from the period 1847 to 1865, containing both transcripts and original images.

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   "RICHES HAVE WINGS." Aye, and slaves have feet, too, which they seem disposed to use to some purpose. The great and increasing risk of losing this kind of property, [unknown] ere long, have an important bearing on the slave question in the northernmost slave States. The Baltimore correspondent of the New York Tribune, says:

   “It is seriously talked of holding a Convention of Slaveholders in the State, with a view of devising means to put a stop to the constant absconding of slaves. What such a convention could accomplish I cannot guess, I leave for time alone to show. If the slaves continue their stampede to the North, at the same rate as now, in a few years the slave census will exhibit a great falling off of numbers. Well – who can blame them these “human chattels” for exercising their limbs, freely, as pedestrians?

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   A Stampede of some half a dozen slaves took place from the neighborhood of Centerville, Md., on Saturday night week. Their course was south-east, across Caroline county to the Delaware Bay shore, and thence to New Jersey. 

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   STAMPEDE AMONG THE SLAVES.––The Under Ground Railroad.––The Wilmington (Del.) Chicken, of yesterday, has the following, which, added to the accounts from Centerville (Md.) papers, before given, show that the abolitionists are again pursuing a course well calculated to excite fierce animosity against them in this State, and which can only result in injury to the slaves, by making further restrictions necessary upon them:

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   A STAMPEDE.––Saturday night six negroes, owned in this city, came up missing at their homes, having taken sudden leave for parts unknown. Recently several different gangs have mysteriously ran off, inclining many to believe that they have been stampeded. 

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   A Stampede of some half a dozen slaves took place from the neighborhood of Centerville, Md., on Saturday night week. Their course was southeast, across Caroline county to the Delaware Bay shore, and thence to New Jersey. 

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       The Great Stampede of slaves from the eastern shore of Maryland is attracting considerable attention among the slaveholders in all sections of the state, and measures are being taken to form a combination from mutual protection. They make their way, it seems, through the state of Delaware, where a strong abolition force has been organized for their protection and assistance. Not less than one hundred are known to have made their escape to the North, by way of Newcastle and Wilmington, during the past month. It is said that many of the slaveholders in the eastern counties contemplate disposing of most of their slave property as the only means of protection, and in Accomac a telegraph line is proposed as a means of safety. [Baltimore Correspondent of Washington Union.]

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   SLAVES.––The great stampede of slaves from the eastern shore of Maryland is attracting considerable attention among slaveholders in all sections of the State, and measures are being taken to form a combination for mutual protection. They make their way, it seems, through the State of Delaware, where a strong abolition force has been organized for their protection and assistance.–– Not less than one hundred are known to have made their escape to the North, by the way of New Castle and Wilmington, during the past month. It is said that many of the slaveholders in the eastern counties contemplate disposing of most of their slave property as the only means of protection, and in Accomac a telegraph line is proposed as a means of safety.––Balt. Cor. Wash. Union. 

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   STAMPEDE AMONG SLAVES.––In Delaware and Maryland, the Abolitionists appear busily at their work. Almost every day, we notice by the papers of these States, slaves make their escape by means of the "underground railroad." Such a course, we think, is only calculated to excite animosity and produce injury to the slaves. 

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   STAMPEDES.––Some half dozen negroes left their masters in St. Louis on Saturday night last. Numbers have also runaway from their masters in Maryland recently. 

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               ESCAPE OF SLAVES.

   The Baltimore correspondent of the Washington Union says:

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                The Lewis County Stampede of Negroes

   Yesterday’s mail brought us a letter from Tully, dated on the 2d inst., giving some of the some of the particulars of the Negro Stampede in Lewis county.

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Apprehension of Runaway Negroes––Conduct of Abolitionists in Illinois.

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     Great Slave Stampede in Missouri.

            A Negro to be burned alive.

St. Louis, Nov. 5.       

   A dispatch from Quincy, Ill., yesterday says: “Fifty negroes of all ages and both sexes with teams, stampeded from the Missouri side the night previous.

   A second dispatch says that the slaves who stampeded from Iowa country, had been overpowered, and after a desperate  resistance with the loss of their leader, captured.

   A negro belonging to Mr. Glasscock, near Palmyra, committed violence on and murdered Miss Bright, aged 14, and killed her brother, aged 11. The negro will be burned alive on Friday.

   Cholera has re-appeared at St. Genevieve, and is quite prevalent and fatal.

   Barnum is better, and hopes are entertained of his recovery.

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     Cholera at St. Genevieve––Negro Stampede––Fight with the Indians near Santa Fe––Runaways captured––Desearate fight and loss of life––Horrible Atrocity––Rape and Murder.

                                     ST. LOUIS, Nov. 5. 

   The cholera has reappeared at St. Genevieve, where it is very fatal. 

   Barnum, who was shot by Montesques, is better and there is now some hope of his recovery. 

   A dispatch from Quincy, Ill., yesterday, says fifty negroes of all ages and sexes, with teams, made a stampede from the Missouri side. Their owners were Messrs. Milton, Wm. McKim and McCutcheon, of Sugar Creek, and Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county––destination unknown.

               Second Dispatch.

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Slave Stampede and Resistance--Their Leader Killed.

   Quincy, (Ill.) Nov. 6.

   Last night about fifty negroes, of all ages and sexes, with teams, stampeded from the Missouri side of the river. The slaves were owned by Miss Miller, Mr. McKim and Mr. McCutcheon, of Sugar Creek, and Mr. Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county. The slaves were overhauled on Saturday morning, and after a desperate resistance and the loss of their leader, they were captured. The slave who was killed belonged to Miss Miller. 

 

Article

Effect of Benton's Visit!---Stampede Among the Negroes!

   The St. Louis Republican publishes a the following extract of a letter from Lewis county, dated Tully, Nov. 2, giving an account of the stampede among the negroes in that county.

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   BILL WILLIAMS, the free negro, found in company with the runaway slaves belonging to Messrs. McCune, Block and others, and who confessed his agency in enticing them away and endeavoring to secure their escape, has been sent to jail to await his trial. His example of a few years service in the Penitentiary may convince others, perhaps, of the impropriety of interfering with the slaves in Missouri. 

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   NEGRO STAMPEDE.––We obtain from a gentleman of Lewis county, the following particulars of the recent attempt made by a number of negroes in that county to make their escape from their masters, which may be relied on as correct. The negroes (men, women and children, twenty-seven in number,) belonging to Messrs. James Miller,––McCutchen, –– –– McKim, living about ten miles north of Monticello, and Wm. Ellis, living in or near the latter place. They took with them a two-horse wagon, an ox cart, with an abundance of provisions, bedding, &c., and were armed with guns, knives and bludgeons.––They were discovered about 3 or 4 o'clock on Friday morning, moving in the direction of Canton. The alarm was immediately given, and when a sufficient number of citizens had collected, an effort was made to take them, which they resisted. A negro man belonging to Mr.

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NEGRO STAMPEDE

   A telegraphic despatch in Saturday's Republican, dated Quincy, (Ill.) Nov. 2d, says that about fifty negroes (men women and children.) with teams, owned by Miss Miller, McKim and McCutchin, of Sugar creek, and Wm. Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county, Mo. started for parts unknown about one o'clock last night.

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   The slaveholders along the eastern coast of Maryland are greatly excited on account of the frequent stampedes among the negroes. Almost every night, says an exchange, slaves flee from bondage to a land of freedom, where they are recognized as men and women, and not as chattels. 

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   From the Canton (Lewis co.) Reporter. 

   Great Negro Stampede.

   A great excitement prevails in Lewis county, in regard to the recent attempt of the negroes to run away and rise in insurrection; and as many reports are in circulation in relation thereto, we deem it our duty to publish a true statement of the matter as it occurred.

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   Telegraph for the North American.

Slave Stampede and Resistance--Their Leader Killed.

   Quincy, (Ill.) Nov. 6.

   Last night about fifty negroes, of all ages and sexes, with teams, stampeded from the Missouri side of the river. The slaves were owned by Miss Miller, Mr. McKim and Mr. McCutcheon, of Sugar Creek, and Mr Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county.-- The slaves were overhauled on Saturday morning, and after a desperate resistance and the loss of their leader, they were captured. The slave who was killed belonged to Miss Miller. 

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   A dispatch from Quincy, Ill., received at St. Louis on the 5th, says:––Fifty negroes, of all ages and both sexes, with teams, started, from the Missouri side the night before. A 2d dispatch says that the slaves who stampeded from Iowa Co., had been overpowered, after a desperate resistance, with the loss of their leader, were captured. 

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   STAMPEDE NEAR ST. LOUIS.––Fifty slaves were stampeded on Monday, (5th.) from the environs of St. Louis. They were pursued, when a severe fight took place, resulting in their recapture and the death of the ring-leaders. 

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   Runaway Slaves.––The Baltimore correspondent of the Washington Union, says that 100 slaves have escaped from the Eastern shore of Maryland, to the North, by way of New Castle, Wilmington, and Delaware. The stampede is great, and causes much excitement. 

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STAMPEDE--The St. Louis papers complain very much about the "stampede" of their negroes, and complain that some of their Illinois neighbors aid them.

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     Stampede near St. Louis. 

   Fifty slaves were stampeded on Monday, last (5th) from the environs of St. Louis. They were pursued when a severe fight took place, resulting in the recapture and the death of the ringleaders. 

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   THE LEWIS COUNTY AFFAIR.––The last N.E. Rep'r, after giving an account of the daring attempt made by negroes in that county to escape, says that it has "been ascertained that it was to be a general insurrection; and, to that end, it is believed that nearly all the slaves in the county had notice, and were to have met and rendezvoused at Canton on Friday. The plan was to kill all the negroes who would not join them––and with force of arms move off in a body to Illinois, and thence to Canada. However preposterous the plan may seem, it certainly has a great deal of truth for its foundation. The younger negroes not only disclosed it, but others, who did not join them, acknowledged they were notified and knew of it. Besides, others have made a break.

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   Quincy, Ill., Nov. 6.

SLAVE STAMPEDE.--Last night about 50 negroes of all ages and sexes, with teams, stampeded from the Missouri side of the river. They were overhauled on Saturday morning, and after a desperate resistance, and the loss of their leader, they were captured. 

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   A Stampede.––Saturday night six negroes, owned in this city, came up missing at their homes, having taken sudden leave for parts unknown. Recently several gangs have mysteriously ran off, inclining many to believe that they have been stampeded.––St. Louis Republican, Oct. 29. 

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   NEGRO STAMPEDE.––Quincy, Nov. 2.––About fifty negroes, men, women and children, with teams, owned by Messrs. Miller, McKim and McCutchin, of Sugar Creek, and William Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county, Mo., started for parts unknown about 1 o'clock last night. 

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   THE GREAT SLAVE STAMPEDE IN MISSOURI.––The Canton, Lewis Co., Mo. Reporter, gives the following account of the recent great slave stampede there:

   A great excitement prevails in Lewis county, in regard to the recent attempt of the negroes to run away and rise in insurrection; and as many reports are in circulation in relation thereto, we deem it our duty to publish a true statement of the matter as it occurred. 

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   The Slaveholders along the eastern coast of Maryland are greatly excited on account of the frequent stampedes among the negroes. Almost every night, says an exchange, slaves flee from bondage to a land of freedom, where they re-recognized as men and women, not as chattels. 

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   SLAVERY IN MARYLAND. Speaking the Legislature of Maryland, a correspondent of the Tribune says, that a majority of Reformers have been elected, and a great effort will be made to enact a bill providing for the call of a Convention to remodel the Constitution of the State. The slaveholders in the Eastern and Southern counties have already taken the alarm at the prospect of an effort to provide for emancipation. A movement once made will lead to beneficial results in a few years. There are those in Maryland who will never cease until this curse is eradicated from the soil; and although the final attainment of the object is distant in appearance, there are hearts that never despair, and yet hope to live to witness its accomplishment. 

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   SLAVE STAMPEDE.––The Martinsburg Gazette says that on Saturday night last six slaves made their escape from that county––two belonged to C.J. Faulkner, Esq., one to D.H. Conrad, Esq., one to John Jamison, Esq., one to J.L. Cunningham, Esq, and one to the estate of Collin Peters, deceased. Eight left Jefferson county on Friday night previous. 

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   SLAVE STAMPEDE IN VIRGINIA.––Eight slaves ran away from Jefferson county, Va., on Friday night last, and six more fled from bondage in the vicinity of Martinsburg on Saturday night. 

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THE GREAT SLAVE STAMPEDE IN MISSOURI.––

The Canton, Lewis Co., Mo. Reporter, gives the following account of the recent great slave stampede there:

A great excitement prevails in Lewis county, in regard to the recent attempt of the negroes to run away and rise in insurrection; and as many reports are in circulation in relation thereto, we deem it our duty to publish a true statement of the matter as it occurred.

A little before day on Friday morning last, a negro man, belonging to James Miller, came into the house, ostensibly to make a fire. Before going out, Mr. Miller heard him step towards the gun rack, take something, and leave with caution. The circumstance exciting some suspicion in relation thereto, we deem it our duty to publish a true statement of the matter as it occurred.

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"HAPPY AND CONTENTED."––SLAVE STAMPEDE. 

A Telegraphic despatch from Quincy, Ill, Nov. 5th, says: "Last night about fifty negroes of all ages and both sexes escaped together from the Missouri side of the river. The slaves were owned by Miss Miller, Mr. McKim and Mr. McCutcheon, of Sugar Creek, and Mr. Ellis, of Monticello, Lewis county. The slaves were overhauled on Saturday morning, and after a desperate resistance and the loss of their leader, they were captured.––The slave who was killed belonged to Miss Miller.

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      Correspondence of the N.Y. Journal of Commerce.

                 WASHINGTON, Nov. 30, 1849.

   Among the causes of irritation to the Southern men, is the growingly frequent escape of slaves, who are believed to be enticed away. Thus, last Saturday night, some half dozen disappeared from near Martinsburg, Va., and the same night about as many from Talbot county, Maryland. From Jefferson county, also, there was a stampede. Agents are at work to get them off. It is a pity they could not take 100,000 at a haul. They would soon cry enough, and beg they might be taken back. 

   Among the pre-congressional improvements, the Presidential House has not been neglected. New paint and furniture has given it quite an improved aspect. We hope no one will find fault with it.              H.H.H. 

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ANOTHER SLAVE STAMPEDE.––The Easton Star states that five slaves made their escape from Talbot county, Md., a few days since. Four belonged to the estate of Edward Martin, Esq., deceased, and one to M.A. Goldsborough, Esq.

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           Virginia––Governor's Message.

   We take the following extract from Governor Floyd's message recently transmitted to the legislature of Virginia. The Governor takes high Southern ground, and is very decided, though more temperate than some others, and consequently more efficient in his views. There is none of that gaseous chivalry which made the message of the Governor of South Carolina supremely ridiculous––none of that Bombastes Furioso Quattlebum nonsense which some mothers take to be true bravery, and which probably is, measured by their standard. This is an excellent feature, and one deserving of imitation. Governor Floyd says:

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ANOTHER CHAPTER OF SOUTHERN ATROCITIES AND HORRORS.

   The Great Slave Stampede in Missouri.–– The Canton, Lewis county, Mo., Reporter, gives the following account of the recent great slave stampede there:––

   A great excitement prevails in Lewis county, in regard to the recent attempt of the negroes to run away and rise in insurrection; and as many reports are in circulation in relation thereto, we deem it our duty to publish a true statement of the matter as it occurred. 

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                     CALIFORNIA, DESERET, AND NEW MEXICO.

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We have received a communication in relation to the late "slave stampede" in our neighborhood, of this tenor:

"Rumor may have it, that it was a colored person who betrayed the runaways last week. But unfortunately the one they accuse of having done so started north with a part of the same gang the night before the capture. And this rumor was only to prevent, and may be save the "underground car" from being upset or overtaken. "Justice."

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   Messrs. Editors: In your paper of the 22nd inst., there is a communication signed "Justice" which refers to the slave stampede in this neighborhood on the 16th, saying "that it was rumored that a colored person had betrayed the slaves, but, unfortunately, the one they accuse of having done so, started north with a part of the same gang the night before the capture; and this rumor was only to prevent, and may be, to save the underground car from being upset or overtaken." Now, in order correct public sentiment in regard to that man's conduct in this matter, I would refer them to the following certificate of the agent of the northern line of stages:

Springfield, Jan. 22, 1850.

This is to certify that Mr. Jenkins left for Bloomington on the 16th day of January, 1850, in the stage.

J.C. Goodhue, agent.

A Friend to "Justice"

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BENTON AND FOOTE.

A rich scene is said to have passed in the Senate on Wednesday, between these redoubtable Democrats.

Col. Benton had introduced a bill defining the boundaries of Texas. Mr. Foote in the papers a bill on the same subject, and with provisions somewhat similar. Mr. Foote, who is always ready to make a three hour speech on any question, thereupon mounted the Missourian and charged him with stealing his thunder. He, Foote, did not steal anything, and he would not allow any body to steal from him. According to the report in the Intelligencer, he proceeded:––Rich. Whig.

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          Fruits of the Southern Upas!

   Americans! see here the legitimate fruits of that deadly tree you have so long pruned and cherished, and around which you have thrown the protecting arms of Church and State. It is for an 'institution' bearing such fruits that your priests have 'prophesied lies' in the name of the Lord, and your Statesmen clothed themselves with falsehood as with a garment. It was for the support of this institution that your fathers made 'concessions' and 'compromises,' which their degenerate children have neither the honest nor the courage to repudiate!

        READ!  READ!

THE GREAT SLAVE STAMPEDE IN MISSOURI.––The Canton, Lewis county, Mo. Reporter, gives the following account of the recent great slave stampede there.

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WASHINGTON, Monday Evening,

April 22.

Business in the Senate–Petitions for Pay for Fugitive Slaves–Mr. Benton and the Compromise Committee–Charges against Mr. Ewing, in the House. 

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   Washington Correspondence

   Washington, May 18, 1850.